World Braille Day is celebrated internationally on the 4th of January to spread awareness on the importance of braille as a means of communication in the full realization of the human rights for blind and visually impaired people.
The Braille system was invented by Louis Braille. He was born on 4th January 1809. To remember his importance and contribution to the world, United Nations decided to celebrate his birth anniversary as World Braille Day every year.
“Braille is a tactile representation of alphabetic and numerical symbols using six dots to represent each letter and number, and even musical, mathematical and scientific symbols. Braille (named after its inventor in 19th century France, Louis Braille) is used by blind and partially sighted people to read the same books and periodicals as those printed in a visual font.” – United Nations
Louis Braille was a French educator and inventor of Braille. He was born on 4th January 1809 in the small village of Coupvray, France. His father was a harness-making shop owner. At the age of three, he lost his one eyesight while playing at his father’s shop with a stitching awl. Gradually he lost his second eye because of a severe infection. At that time there were not many resources for the blind, but he still excelled in his education and received a scholarship to the Royal Institute of Blind Youth in France. He started working on developing a system of tactile code that could allow blind people to read and write quickly and efficiently when he was still a student. Inspired by the system invented by Charles Barbier, Braille developed a new method that was more compact and lent itself to a variety of uses, including music. He presented his work to his peers for the first time in 1824.
This great person passed away on 6th January 1852. It was unused by most academics for most of the year after his death, but has gradually recognized Braille as a revolutionary invention and has been adapted for use in languages around the world.