ভাষা পরিবর্তন করুন
There are several theories about the origin of ‘Calcutta‘.
Theory Number 2:
There is a lot of disputation about how this city got its name. There are different opinions on the issue. The most popular and probably one of the main reasons is its connection with the Hindu Goddess Kali. In Sanskrit, Kalikshetra (कलिक्षेत्र) means ‘the area of Kali‘. This theory is the most possible one as in the rural Bengali pronunciation the ‘kh‘ consonant is replaced by ‘k‘ and the ‘tro‘ joined consonant is replaced by ‘to‘, resulting in Kalikhetro being Kaliketo which is very close to Kolikata.
Kalikhetro -> kh = k; e= e; tro = to -> keto -> Kaliketo.
Theory Number 3:
An interesting, but very possibly casually fabricated, anecdote exists in the naming of Calcutta. According to it, a British merchant was traveling through the village, when he came upon a peasant stacking hay into the barn. Not knowing where he was, the merchant asked the peasant about that place. The peasant, unfortunately, did not understand English, and he guessed that the sahib must be inquiring about the date the crop was harvested. In his own language, he replied “kal kata hoyechilo” which in the English language means “harvested yesterday” (kal – yesterday, kata – cut, which, when added with hoyechilo, also means cut, but here it means harvested). The merchant left the place, happy to know the name of the place. Following the English copy, “Kal Kata” became “Calcutta“.
The area in which the city is now situated was originally inhabited by the people of three villages – Kalikata, Sutanuti, and Gobindpur. However, the boundaries of the three villages gradually became narrower, and before the Battle of Palashi the city could be divided into four separate sub-regions – European Calcutta (Dihi Kolkata), residential villages with some sacred spots (Gobindpur), a traditional Indian market (Bazar Kalikata Or Burbazar) and a river mart (Sutanthi) focusing on the textile business. After the Battle of Plassey in 1757, the British began rebuilding the city with the idea of building it as the capital of their empire.
In spite of the high court ruling, the growth of the present city can be dated from 1690, when Job Charnock, an agent of the English East India Company chose the place for a trade settlement. In 1698, the East India Company bought three villages (Sutanuti, Kalikata, and Gobindapur) from a local landlord family of Sabarna Roy Choudhury. The next year, the company began developing the city as a Presidency City. In 1727, as per the order of King George I, a civil court was set up in the city. The Calcutta Municipal corporation (recently renamed as Kolkata Municipal Corporation) was formed and the city had its first mayor.
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