ভাষা পরিবর্তন করুন
Our 300 million tons of plastic are produced every year and over 8 million tons of plastic ends up in our ocean annually and makes up 80% of the marine debris. 500 pounds of makes its way into the ocean every second. It’s not just an ocean surface problem, it reaches down to depth and what’s in the ocean it never goes out. Our 100s of years it breaks down into small pieces and those pieces get converted into microplastics.
Microplastics are same of the smallest pieces of plastics found in the ocean; the most commonly found microplastic is the PET (Polyethylene Terephthalate) which is a very common plastic polymer and is used to manufacture variety of single use plastic products.
Over 1 million sea birds are dying from pollution annually and over 1 million sea mammals die each year due to litter. Animals such a sea turtle and seal are choking on them. Scientists say that there are over 60% of whale and dolphin species being affected by it. Planktons, the base of aquatic food chain, consume the microplastics and as one predator the most vulnerable animal to the effect via plastic commination is the one at the very top of the food chain, i.e., us. It’s becoming a part of the food web. It is in our drinking water, in foods such as salt and honey and also in the air we breathe. Scientists predict that by the year 2050 there will be more plastic in the ocean than fishes.
But we can make changes and we have to act fast. Recycling is not the only answer. Some companies are already leading the way. Beverage companies are using plastic free bottles and containers. Restaurants are providing plastic free services. Belize is gradually getting rid of Styrofoam and the European Union has mandated getting reduction for the throw away plastics throughout its 28 member countries.
Together we can create a movement to reduce throw away plastics by making sure that we are all given real plastics free choices. We need to start from home. We can carry a cloth or jute bag for buying groceries; we can use our own water bottles and refrain from buying plastic bottles; we should stop disposing the single-use-plastic materials along the roadsides or in the drains and we should follow the SR’s: REDUCE, REUSE, and RECYCLE.
Let’s stop plastic pollution from wrecking our oceans and our beaches and make the world a better place to live in. Last but not the least, let’s always remember that, “Our actions over the next 10 years will determine the state of the ocean for the next 10,000 years” and together we can turn tides.