World Day of War Orphans is celebrated internationally on 6th January, which is created to spread awareness about those children who became orphans due to wars.
The French organization SOS Enfants en detresse started celebrating this day to remember those children who had lost their parents due to wars and became orphans. Not just to remember them, but also to make some donations for those children. One can also motivate other people to show support for these helpless little angles by spreading awareness.
The numbers of orphans are much lesser in developed countries than in those areas where people faced wars without any choice. According to a UNICEF report, “There were nearly 140 million orphans globally in 2015, including 61 million in Asia, 52 million in Africa, 10 million in Latin America and the Caribbean, and 7.3 million in Eastern Europe and Central Asia.”
The number of orphans increased between 1990 to 2001.
UNICEF estimates that there are approximately 900,000 children in the North-eastern state, all of whom were severely affected by the war due to a lack of schools, food, shelter, or destruction. In the next decades, the number of deaths of civilians as a result of armed conflict has increased significantly, to more than 90 percent. Half of the casualties are children.
As a result of war and human rights violations, 20 million children have been forced to leave their homes to become refugees in neighboring countries or to be internally barred from their national borders. More than 2 million children have died in recent decades as an immediate result of armed conflict. More than three times that number, at least 6 million children are permanently disabled or seriously injured. More than 1 million people have been orphaned or separated from their families. Each year, 8,000 to 10,000 children are killed by landslides in more than 30 wars worldwide involving 300,000 child soldiers – boys and girls under the age of 18.
Child warriors are used to donating warriors, messengers, monkeys, kitchens, and sexual services. Some have been forcibly enrolled or abducted, others because of poverty, abuse, or intolerance for revenge against themselves and their families. Sadly, they can’t find the time, affection, and love for social and personal development. Extraordinary studies show that children experience emotional, social, and physical disabilities in orphanages. There is no doubt that the best place for a child to grow up is in a safe family with a loving parent.
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An orphan is a child (under 18 years of age) whose parents have died, are unknown, or have been abandoned permanently. In common parlance, a child who loses both parents due to death is called an orphan.
But United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) and Joint United Nations Programme on HIV and AIDS (UNAIDS), and other groups specified that any child who has lost one parent, is orphan.
Maternal Orphans: Those children whose mother has died.
Parental Orphans: Those children whose father has died.
Double Orphans: Those children who has lost both parents.