Why do Indians celebrate national teacher's day on 5th September?

ভাষা পরিবর্তন করুন

The future of a nation lies in the hands of a teacher. A teacher not only gives us the education to become successful and have a good career but also teaches us how to become good human beings.

Teachers’ Day in India is celebrated on 5th September to commemorate the birth anniversary of Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan. He was a renowned scholar, recipient of Bharat Ratna, first Vice- President, and second President of independent India. He was born on 5 September 1888. He was an Indian academic, professor, philosopher, politician, and above all a great teacher.

 

Why is Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan’s birthday celebrated as Teacher’s Day?

Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan

When Radhakrishnan became the President of India, some of his students and friends requested him to allow them to celebrate his birthday, on 5 September. He replied, ‘’Instead of celebrating my birthday, it would be my proud privilege if September 5th is observed as Teachers’ Day.” His birthday has since been celebrated as Teacher’s Day in India.

 

How can you celebrate Teacher’s Day?

On this day, school students bring gifts, chocolates, flowers, and greeting cards to gift their favorite teachers. If you are a senior in school or college, you can also approach your fellow classmates and hold different activities to entertain your teachers at schools and colleges. These activities include singing and dance competitions, quiz games, recitation of poems, mimicry of teachers and lots of games children play with teachers. You can also plan a picnic, offer gifts and give speeches to thank teachers. You should also thank your parents and grandparents as they are your first teachers and they teach you the greatest values of life.

Happy Teacher's Day graphics
Image Credit: Newsbytesapp

 

A little something you should know about Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan:

Dr. Sarvepally Radhakrishnan
Image Credit: Indian Express

Radhakrishnan was born in a poor Brahmin family in Andhra Pradesh’s Tiruttani in 1888. He was a bright student and through scholarships completed his studies. A great scholar, philosopher, and a Bharat Ratna recipient, Radhakrishnan was the first Vice President and second President of independent India. During his tenure as a President of India (from 1962-67), his students and friends requested him to celebrate his birthday. He replied, “Instead of celebrating my birthday, it would be my proud privilege if September 5 is observed as Teachers’ Day.” Since then, his birthday has been observed as Teachers’ Day. Radhakrishnan graduated with a Master’s degree in Philosophy and authored the book ‘The Philosophy of Rabindranath Tagore’ in 1917 and placed Indian philosophy on the world map.

He went on to teach at Chennai’s Presidency College and Calcutta University. As a professor at the Presidency College in Madras and the University of Calcutta, he was popular among students and was seen as a brilliant teacher. He later served as the Vice-Chancellor of both Andhra University and Banaras Hindu University and was recognized by the Oxford University when he was called to fill the Chair of Spalding Professor of Eastern Religions. In 1939, he was elected a fellow of the British Academy. Radhakrishnan became the first Vice President of India in 1952 and took on the role of the nation’s second President from 1962 until 1967. He was awarded India’s highest civilian honor, the Bharat Ratna in 1984 and the British Order of Merit in 1963. He passed away on April 17, 1975, and has so far been nominated 11 times for the Nobel Peace Prize. Despite all his achievements and contributions, Radhakrishnan remained a teacher throughout his life. Teachers’ Day is celebrated to honor the memory of India’s first Vice President and to commemorate the importance of teachers in our lives.

 

This Teacher’s Day, let’s get to know who were the greatest Indian teachers of all time other than Radhakrishnan:

 

  • Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam: You cannot change your future, but you can change your habits, and surely your habits will change your future.
Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam
Image Credit: Britannica

Avul Pakir Jainulabdeen Abdul Kalam was an Indian aerospace scientist who served as the 11th president of India from 2002 to 2007. Scientist and India’s 11th President. He was a huge advocate of education as the primary driving force of personal growth. He believed that apart from holding a mere academic degree, a student should also enhance his personal skills and caliber which are utilized more in shaping an individual’s career and life.

 

  • Chanakya:Education is the best friend. An educated person is respected everywhere. Education beats the beauty and the youth.”
Chanakya
Image Credit: chanakya-quotes.blogspot.com

He is the first famous Indian scholar. He served as a professor of political science and economics at the Takshila University (in the Punjab province of Pakistan). He later became a teacher at the same university. His two famous books are Arthshastra and Neetishastra.

 

  • Rabindranath Tagore: “The highest education is that which does not merely give us information, but makes our life in harmony with all existence.”
Rabindranath Tagore
Image Credit: Britannica

The polymath never adhered to classroom schooling. Tagore took teaching out of the confines of the four walls and formed a school that he hoped would be ‘the connecting thread’ between India and the world. Teaching at the school he founded, ‘Shantiniketan’, was often done under trees. He reinvented the concept of ‘gurukul’.

 

  • Savitribai Phule: “We shall overcome and the success will be ours in the future. The future belongs to us.”
Sabitribai Phule
Image Credit: Financial Express

She was the first female teacher of India’s first women’s school. At a time when women’s potential and caliber were underestimated, she worked for the upliftment and education of females in the country and she, along with her husband, founded a school for the ‘untouchable’ girls. She faced a lot of backlash from the orthodox upper-cast individuals. Later on, the British government honored her contribution to education later on.

 

  • Swami Vivekananda: Arise, awake, and do not stop until the goal is reached.

Swami Vivekananda

He was the man behind ‘Ramakrishna Mission’, in which monks and laypeople would jointly undertake propagation of Practical Vedanta, and various forms of social service. His teachings and philosophy applied this reinterpretation to various aspects of education, faith, character building as well as social issues pertaining to India.

 

  • Premchand: To be successful in life what you need is education, not literacy and degrees.”

Premchand

He is known for his contribution to modern Hindi literature. He was also a teacher in a school in Chunar in Uttar Pradesh.

 

  • Swami Dayanand Saraswati: A value is valuable when the value of value is valuable to oneself.”
Swami Dayanand Saraswati
Image Credit: Jagaran

He was the founder of Arya Samaj, a Hindu reform movement of the Vedic tradition. He was a well-known scholar of the Vedic lore and Sanskrit language and worked towards promotion of equal rights for women, such as the right to education and reading of Indian scriptures.

 

Teacher’s Day is an important day for both students and teachers. it gives them a chance to understand the efforts put in by their teachers to ensure that they get a proper education. Similarly, teachers also look forward to the Teachers’ Day celebration as their efforts get recognized and honored by students and other people as well.

Thank you Teacher

 

Source: https://www.indiatoday.in/education-today/featurephilia/story/famous-indian-teachers-1038167-2017-09-05

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